Get to Know Your Terpenes
Sativa and Indica have been The Rule forever. We all know, Sativa = Sunny, Indica = In da couch, right? Well, not really.
All the things you THINK you know about weed are totally wrong. Well, at least the whole indica/sativa debate. Yes, really.
Since science has focused on Cannabis, we’ve learned much more about how Cannabis affects you. Sativa and indica are important terms for growers so they can take care of their plants, but when it comes to patients, it really doesn’t matter. I know it sounds crazy, but it’s true. As around 75% of commercial Cannabis are hybrid, it can be hard to find the strains that actually help you. Knowing how terpenes impact your results allows you better control of your Cannabis experience. Read on to level up your elevation!
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are fragrant compounds plants produce. Various terpenes come together to create the profile for a particular strain. Through research, science has found terpenes have more of an impact on your experience than the previous Sativa/Indica model.
Why does this matter?
Terpenes are what you’re tasting in your flower. The terpenes are also what impacts your feelings of calm, giddiness, sleepiness, etc. Knowing what terpenes you like and knowing what works for you allows you to make the most of your Cannabis experience …and the most of your money. Let’s face it, Cannabis isn’t a cheap endeavor, but when used properly, it can be a game changer for your day-to-day life.
What terpenes should I know?
There are more than 200 different terpenes in Cannabis plants, but there are only five that make up the majority of Cannabis strains. We’re going to look at these terpenes from most calming to most energizing.
What is Myrcene?
Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in modern commercial Cannabis. At the calming end of the Cannabis spectrum, Myrcene is also found in hops and lemongrass. It can be found in nearly 40% of all commercial Cannabis today. It’s kind of a superhero as well; Myrcene can block the cancer-causing effects of aflatoxins that are produced by fungi, but find their way to our food. Popular Myrcene strains include Blue Dream & OG Kush.
What is Pinene?
Pinene is very, well, piney. Found in pine, rosemary, and dill, it’s the most common terpene in the natural world. It’s known to be an anti-inflammatory and a bronchodilator, and it is used for anxiety & pain relief. Pinene is most often the secondary terpene, rarely the primary. Blue Dream is one of the most popular strains that features strong Pinene flavors.
What is Caryophyllene?
Caryophyllene is found in many herbs and spices, including black pepper, basil, and oregano. Cannabis strains with high levels of this deliver a spicy warmth to the nose, similar to cinnamon and cloves. Caryophyllene is the only terpene that also acts as a cannabinoid, activating your endocannabinoid system and offering anti-inflammatory properties. This means it doesn’t cause the euphoric feeling of Cannabis, but provides many benefits in activating those receptors, including reduced inflammation. Purple punch is a high-Caryophyllene strain.
What is Limonene?
Limonene is found in many citrus fruits, hence the name. Cannabis strains with high levels of it deliver a lemony, citrusy fragrance and taste. Limonene is the only terpene that also acts as a cannabinoid, activating your endocannabinoid system and offering anti-inflammatory properties. This means it doesn’t cause the euphoric feeling of Cannabis, but provides many benefits in activating those receptors, including reduced inflammation. Strawberry Banana is a high limonene strain.
What is Terpinolene?
Terpinolene is found in plenty of Cannabis strains, but is usually present only in small amounts, with some exceptions. Terpinolene offers a fruity, floral experience that is believed to have uplifting characteristics. It’s believed to have antibacterial and antifungal qualities. Strains that are terpinolene forward include a Wellness Pharm Fave: XJ-13.
Knowing what works for you is the key to finding your Cannabis match. That said, while terpenes can help direct the conversation, your environment, Cannabis experience, and even your unique bodily chemistry can affect the way a strain or product impacts you. Terpenes knowledge offers a logical starting point; from there, you can zero in on what particular strains work best for you. Check out the entire terpene guide on Leafly, or stop in and see any of our budtenders at The Wellness Pharm for help in finding your way to wellness.
Guest Blogger: Lollie Moore
The Wellness Pharm
1414 3rd St. | Tulsa, OK